The University of Rochester has begun work on what they call a Quantum Enigma Machine. This new machine is said to be responsible for unbreakable encryption. It will also shorten encryption keys, and make data interception much more difficult than it already is.
American Mathematician Claude Shannon came up with a binary system that would allow him to transmit messages under three stipulations: the key is random, only used once, and it has to be as long as the message itself is.
Recent studies show that scientists are theorizing that they could send a message with unbreakable encryption with a key that is much shorter than the message itself. Their theory may soon become fact as researchers have developed the quantum enigma machine.